Hormone replacement therapy is used to relieve vasomotor symptoms like hot flashes and vaginal atrophy and prevent bone loss in women who are bilaterally ovariectomized and showing post-menopausal symptoms.
Recent studies show that a low dose of hormone replacement therapy is safe and effective in reducing hot flashes, preventing bone loss, improving atrophy in the vagina, inducing changes in lipids, Lipoproteins and hemostatic factors. Low-dose can reduce the risk of breast cancer. Serum estradiol levels in women should not be high to prevent side effects.
What is Hormone Replacement Therapy?
Hormone replacement therapy or post-menopausal hormone replacement therapy or estrogen replacement therapy are the same. At the time of Menopause, the level of estrogen Falls. It is an effective process or treatment for Menopause symptoms.
EstrogenTherapy – women having a hysterectomy (uterus removal surgery) or bilateral oophorectomy (uterus and ovaries removal surgery) are suggested a low dose of estrogen by doctors. Estrogen can be given in different forms. Most popular our daily pill and patch, but in a vaginal ring, gel or spray also the hormone is available.
Estrogen Pill – it is a common treatment. For dosing always follow your doctor’s advice. They can be taken without food once a day but dosing schedules for some may be a complicated process.
Estrogen Patch – a patch is put on the abdomen skin. According to the dose, some patches may be replaced every day or others can be worn for one week.
Topical Estrogen – other ways of getting estrogen are creams, gels, and sprays. The skin absorbs this type of estrogen and it goes directly into the bloodstream. It can be applied usually once a day. Estrogel can be applied from wrist to shoulder on one arm. For legs, Estrasorb can be applied.
Vaginal Estrogen – it is available as a vaginal ring, cream for vaginal estrogen tablets. It is for women suffering from vaginal dryness, itchiness, and pain or burning at the time of intercourse. Doses vary according to the product. Vaginal rings are to be replaced every three months. Creams can be used daily, many times a week, or in a different schedule. Vaginal tablets can be used daily for a few weeks and afterward twice a week.
Estrogen /Progestin /Progesterone hormone treatment – combination therapy for women still having their uterus. Estrogen and progesterone together lower risk of cancer in the endometrium (uterus lining). Progesterone treats many symptoms of menopause like hot flashes.
Oral Progestin –pill form progestin. No side effects on lipids. Natural progesterone is good for women with high cholesterol.
Intrauterine Progestin – in perimenopause stage Doctor may suggest keeping in low dose intrauterine devices until Menopause is over.
To know if HRT is the right treatment – avoid hormone replacement therapy if you have
– Liver or heart disease.
– Blood clots.
– Breast, uterine for endometrial cancer.
– Suspected or known pregnancy.
You should always select Clinics like Colorado Medical Solutions to provide all the required help to the patients. Doctors can help and suggest choices according to the medical history and severity of symptoms of the patient.