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Business Loans – 4 Types For Small Business Owners

4 Types Of Business Loans for Every Small Business Owner

Business loans for small business owners are one of the best choices to get additional funds for their business. It is financing that is available to meet the needs of the growing small businesses. The amount that is loaned can be and should be used for buying types of machinery, boost production, increase working capital or any other item which helps in the growing business.

Small business owners can avail of a business loan online or offline. Although the business loan eligibility would differ from one lender to another, the usual criteria include:

  • Turnover of the business should be at least INR 10 lakhs in the last 12 months.
  • And the ITR of the last year should be more than 2.5 lakhs.

Broadly business loans are categorized under two— secured and unsecured business loans.

Secured Business Loan

The basic difference between a secured business loan and the unsecured business loan is the requirement. The major secured business loan requirement as collateral, the borrower is required to hypothecate an asset as security. Secured business loans in India are usually offered by traditional lending institutions such as banks. The secured business loan interest rates depend from one lender to another.

Since the borrower pledges collateral in terms of an asset to secure a business loan, this type of business loan is ideal for big business units. However, secured business loans are not an ideal option for small business owners since they usually do not have an asset to hypothecate.

Unsecured Business Loan

On the other hand, unsecured business loans are offered without collateral and are also called as collateral-free business loans. As opposed to a secured business loan, an unsecured business loan is offered without security. This loan for business without security is an ideal option for small business owners. Most unsecured business loan lenders in India are NBFCs. The unsecured business loan eligibility and requirement varies from one lender to another. An unsecured business loan in India can be used to increase working capital, buy new machinery, or start a new branch.

A business loan also differs according to the needs of the borrower, i.e. there are business loans that are specially designed to suit the special needs of the small business owners. The 4 types of business loans are:

Flexi Business Loan

A Flexi business loan is a type of new-age business loan. Here, the borrower gets a loan limit sanctioned up to which he can use the funds as and when required. A Flexi loan in India can be used to fulfil different business requirements, such as during the capital crunch, expansion, and manpower training. A Flexi business loan is ideal for small businesses that often face an unexpected cash crunch. The small business owner can avail funds at the time of need without having to wait for the business loan approval and disbursement time.

The noteworthy point is that the borrower is required to apply for a business loan once and get his limit approved. Once he gets his limit, he can use the finances anytime without applying for the Flexi business loan again. Also, the borrower is charged interest only on what he uses.

Machinery Loan

The purchase of equipment and machinery often requires a hefty investment. And not all business’ financial conditions allow them to buy such expensive machinery or plant. A machinery loan is specially designed for this purpose. Many banks and Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) offer machinery or equipment loans to those seeking financial aid to invest in machinery. A borrower can choose to avail the business loan from the lending institution who:

  • Requires very minimal machinery loan documents.
  • A lender whose machinery loan rate of interest is the best in the market.

Working Capital Loan

The type of business loan availed to finance the everyday operations of the business is called the working capital loan. This type of business loan is not used to buy loan term assets but to cover accounts payable, salaries and wages, etc. Working capital loans are an ideal option for a business that has seasonality or cyclical sales cycles. This business loan is usually unsecured and is available for the short-term. A working capital loan can also be availed to increase working capital or purchase more inventory.

The working capital loan in India is offered by both banks and NBFCs. The working capital loan interest rates usually low and are offered on comparatively easy terms and conditions. The repayment tenure for a working capital loan may range from 12-24 months.

The term loan is usually availed for a pre-defined time. A term loan can be a short-term or long-term business loan. They can also be secured or unsecured business loans. Term loans are usually availed for a variety of purposes, such as buying or upgrading equipment or machinery, increasing working capital or leasing office premises. The maturity of the term loan depends on the borrower’s ability to repay, i.e. he can decide the term of the loan—long or short.

Business is indeed a great help for small business owners. And now that you know the types of business loans that you can avail, let us have a look at how you can avail a business loan:


You can apply for a business loan online or offline according to services offered by the lending institution. Most lending institutions in India offer online business loan application process, there is no need for the borrower to visit the lender’s office personally but can apply online.


Entitlement for Business loans is very important in order to get a business loan approved. After applying for a business loan, the borrower must submit the business loan documents. Again, according to the lender’s services, the borrower can either submit the hard copies to the lender personally or upload soft copies on the lender’s website.


If the lender approves the business loan, the borrower will get the sanctioned finances within a few working days. The business loan disbursement time will depend from one lender to another.

Learn More: business loan eligibility

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